As quoted from the article I did for Disinformation.
“We are on firmer ground when we reflect on how our ancestors used the stars — for timekeeping, calendar-making, and navigation at sea.”
— The History of Astronomy by Heather Couper and Nigel Henbest, p.8
The Golden Thread of Time by Crichton E. M. Miller traces the history of the cross from Paleolithic and Neolithic hunter-gatherers to stone age seafarers and megalith masons. He argues that the cross was not merely a religious symbol but a device used to measure time, navigate, make astronomical observations, and create architecture. He first came to this realization when attempting to discover an ancient theodolite capable of accuracy to 3 minutes of arc in order to measure the pyramids of Giza. He suddenly found himself kneeling before such a device in the form of a cross. It was this discovery, or rediscovery, that initiated his journey to understand the true meaning and history of the cross.
“How did the cross originate?” I asked.
“Seafaring hunter-gatherers had to find a way to measure time in order to navigate the seas and to survive by intercepting migrating herds, shoals of fish, and to account for harvests of fruits and nuts,” Miller explains. He goes on to say that the ancients created a device in order to understand astronomical cycles by measuring the angular changes of the Earth and Moon by their spin and orbit. By measuring such changes based on the fixed signs of the Zodiac, the ancients were able to calculate time and thus, survive. Miller explains that Taurus the Bull was the first sign used to measure time.
“The first sign used to predict the season was Taurus the Bull to represent the migration of the Auroch. The reflection of the Auroch as a symbol of time can be seen in wall paintings in Lascaux in France,” he said.
Miller reasons that the signs of the Zodiac were developed from an animistic perspective in which the animals were seen as sacrificing themselves to sustain the hunter. From this perspective, you begin to understand how the symbolism between that which is above and below began to form. The ancients literally came to use the great stars above to measure and understand the world below. Millers says the cross itself is a miniaturization of the “As above, so below,” motif.
There are prehistoric Scandinavian petroglyphs that depict the hunting of herds, sailing of ships, and cross-wheels. These petroglyphs may act as possible evidence since they fit perfectly into Miller’s hypothesis of the cross as a time-keeping device. He also believes that evidence can be found in the Great Pyramid of Khufu and that devices such as the Antikythera mechanism lend credence to his hypothesis. The proper understanding of words and particular excerpts of literature may also act as linguistic repositories that are indicative of the process in which the ancients measured time.
“How our ancestors measured and perceived time is written in the Bible, and the meaning of all non-contemporary translations of words used in their correct context can be found in any good college dictionary. For example, Genesis 1:14 describes the method of keeping time in the following extract from the King James Bible.” Miller said.
“And God said, let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years.”
• Sunday means day of the sun.
• Monday means day of the moon
• Rod descends from a reed which is segmented and means ruler
• Rood means cross in Scotland
• Ruler means measurer.
• Temple means place of measuring Time
• Church means Ruler of the Circle. (Temple)
• Horizon means belt or circle of time
• Heaven means the sky above
• World means epoch or civilization of man
• Sign means constellation
• Zodiac means wheel of creatures
Miller believes that shamanic rulers who understood how to measure time grew in power to guide the people and became the first rulers or “measurers.” This makes sense because many of the first astronomers were priests and their understanding of the “heavens” was seen as “divine.” Of course, Miller’s hypothesis is that these rulers had a cross-like device which allowed them to do so. He believes that the cross itself is very ancient, but that the true understanding of it was lost or suppressed. He asserts that its meaning became lost or suppressed during the reign of Constantine the Great and was not understood again until the Knight Templars rediscovered its true meaning.